The Herbal Directory A to Z Medicinal & Garden Herbs List

An organized A-Z directory of herbs and herbal related articles for quick access.

Enjoy our comprehensive directory of herbal knowledge and application.  Here you will find information about an herb’s history and folklore, common names, tips for identification, and more. In addition, we will explore what parts of the plant are used, and how they are used.

This directory has the main plant and herb information listed first and additional links for further exploration. These further resources expand into growing and gardening resources, cooking recipes, and creating herbal remedies like tinctures and teas.

The directory includes a garden herbs list of the most commonly known herbs and some uncommon varieties you may just be hearing for the first time. Most are used for either Culinary or medicinal purposes.

The Herbal directory is being updated all the time with new articles and herb varieties. If you have special requests for information or guides to growing please reach out to the site, contact form. I will get the information you need as quickly as possible.

Some listings are still being built and may not be active links at this time. Check back frequently as new herbs are being added weekly.

A

Acacia (Acacia arabica)

Agave (Agave Americana)

Agrimony (Agrimonia Eupatoria)

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa)

Aloe (Aloe vera)

Amaranth (Amaranthus hypochondriacus)

American Ginseng (Panax quinquefolius)

Annatto (Bixa orellana)

Angelica (Angelica archangelica)

Anise (Pimpinella anisum)

Arnica (Arnica montana)

Arnica, Mexican (Heterotheca inuloides)

Arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea)

Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera)

Astragalus (Astragalus membranaceus)

Avocado (Persea americana)

B

Basil (Ocimum basilicum)

Bay leaf – (Laurus nobilis)

Bergamot (Monarda sp.)

Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus)

Black Cohosh (Cimicifuga racemosa)

Blackberry (Rubus fruticosus)

Bladderwrack (Fucus vesiculosus)

Blessed Thistle (Centaurea benedicta)

Boldo (Peumus boldus)

Borage (Borago officinalis)

Buchu (Barosma betulina)

Burdock (Arctium lappa)

Burnet (Sanguisorba minor and S. officinalis)

Butcher’s Broom (Ruscus aculeatus)

Butterbur (Petasites vulgaris)

Butterfly Weed (Asclepias tuberosa)

C

Cacao (Theobroma cacao L.)

Calamus (Acorus calamus)

Calendula (Calendula officinalis)

California Poppy (Eschscholzia californica)

Camphor (Cinnamomum camphora)

Caraway (Carum carvi)

Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum)

Carob (Ceratonia siliqua)

Carrot (Daucus carota L.)

Cat’s Claw (Uncaria tomentosa)

Catnip (Nepeta cataria)

Catuaba (Erythroxylum catuaba)

Cayenne Pepper (Capsicum minimum)

Celery (Apium graveolens)

Centaury (Centaurium erythraea)

Chamomile (Matricaria recutita)

Chaste tree – (Vitex agnus-castus)

Chervil   (Anthriscus cerefolium)

Chia (Salvia hispanica)

Chickweed (Stellaria media)

Chicory (Cichorium intybus)

Chili pepper (Capsicum frutescens)

Chipotle (Capsicum sp.)

Chives (Allium schoenoprasum)

Chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum morifolium)

Cilantro (Coriandrum sativum)

Cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum, C. cassia)

Cinquefoil (Potentilla erecta)

Clary Sage (Salvia sclarea)

Cloves (Syzygium aromatic)

Coleus Forskohlii (Plectranthus barbatus)

Coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara)

Comfrey (Symphytum officinale)

Coriander (Coriandrum sativum)

Cornflowers (Centaurea cyanus)

D

Damiana (Turnera diffusa)

Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)

Datura   (Datura sp.)

Deer’s Tongue (Liatris odoratissima)

Devil’s Claw (Harpagophytum procumbens)

Dill (Anethum graveolens)

Dong Quai (Angelica sinensis)

Dragon’s blood (Calamus draco)

Dulse (Palmaria palmata)

E

Echinacea (Echinacea angustifolia)

Elder Flower (Sambucus nigra)

Elderberry (Sambucas nigral)

Elecampane (Inula helenium)

Eleuthero (Eleutherococcus senticosus)

Epazote (Chenopodium ambrosioides)

Ephedra (Ephedra sinica)

Epimedium (Epimedium grandiflorum)

Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus)

Eyebright (Euphrasia, various species)

F

False Unicorn Root (Chamaelirium luteum)

Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)

Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum)

Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium)

Figwort (Scrophularia nodosa)

Flax (Linum usitatissimum L.)

Forsythia (Forsythia suspensa)

Fo-ti / ho-shou-wu (Polygonum multiflorum)

Frankincense (Boswellia thurifera)

G

Galangal Root (Alpinia officinarum)

Garcinia Fruit (Garcinia cambogia)

Garlic (Allium sativum)

Gentian (Gentiana lutea)

Geranium (Pelargonium graveolens)

Ginger (Zingiber officinale)

Ginkgo biloba (Ginkgo biloba L.)

Ginseng (Panax ginseng)

Goat’s Rue (Galega officinalis)

Goji Berries (Lycium barbarum)

Goldenrod (Solidago virgaurea)

Goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis)

Gotu Kola (Centella asiatica L.)

Gravel root (Eupatorium purpureum)

Green Tea (Camellia sinensis)

Grindelia (Grindelia sp.)

Guarana (Paullinia cupana)

Gurmar (Gymnema sylvestre)

H

Hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna)

Heal all (Prunella vulgaris)

Hemp (Cannabis sativa)

Henna (Lawsonia inermis)

Hibiscus (Hibiscus sabdariffa)

Holy Basil (Ocimum sanctum)

Honeysuckle (Lonicera periclymenum)

Hoodia (Hoodia gordonii)

Hops (Humulus lupulus)

Horehound (Marrubium vulgare L.)

Horse Chestnut  (Aesculus hippocastanum)

Horseradish (Armoracia rusticana)

Hyacinth (Hyacinthus nonscriptus)

Hydrangea (Hydrangea arborescens)

Hyssop  (Hyssopus officinalis)

I

Impatiens (Impatiens capensis) – See Jewel Weed

Iris – See Orris Root

J

Jambul  (Eugenia jambolana)

Jasmine (Jasminum officinale)

Jewel Weed (Impatiens capensis)

Jiaogulan (Gynostemma pentaphyllum)

Joe-pye weed – See Gravel Root

Juniper Berry (Juniperus communis)

K

Kao ben – See Lovage

Kava-Kava (Piper methysticum)

Kelp – See Bladderwrack

Kola Nut (Cola acuminate)

Kudzu (Pueraria lobate)

L

Lady’s Mantle (Alchemilla vulgaris)

Laurel, Bay (Laurus nobilis)

Lavender (Lavandula sp.)

Lemon (Citrus limonum)

Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis)

Lemon Verbena (Aloysia citriodora)

Lemongrass (Cymopogon citratus)

Licorice Root (Glycyrrhiza glabra)

Lily of the valley (Convallaria majalis)

Linden (Tilia sp.)

Lobelia (Lobelia inflata)

Lomatium (Lomatium dissectum)

Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera)

Lovage (Levisticum officinale)

Lungwort lichen (Sticta pulmonaria)

Lycii – See Goji Berry

M

Maca root (Lepidium peruvianum)

Mace (Myristica fragrans)

Magnolia (Magnolia glauca)

Mandrake (Podophyllum peltatum)

Mangosteen – See Garcinia Fruit

Marigold – See Calendula

Marjoram (Origanum majorana)

Marshmallow Root  (Althaea officinalis L.)

Mayapple – See Mandrake

Meadowsweet (Filipendula ulmaria)

Mexican Oregano (Lippia graveolens)

Milk Thistle (Silybum marianum L.)

Mint (Mentha piperita) – See Also Peppermint, Spearmint

Motherwort (Leonurus caridica L.)

Mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris)

Muira puama (Ptychopetalum olacoides)

Mullein (Verbascum sp.)

Mustard (Brassica nigra)

Myrrh (Commiphora myrrha)

Myrtle (Myrtus communis)

N

Nasturtiums – See also Watercress

Neem (Azadirachta indica)

Nettle (Urtica dioica)

Nigella Seed oil  Nigella Seed oil, Nigella sativa

Noni (Morinda citrifolia)

Nutmeg – See Mace

O

Olive (Olea europea)

Onion (Allium cepa)

Orange (Citrus sinensis)

Orange, Bitter (Citrus aurantium subsp. Amara)

Oregano (Origanum vulgare)

Oregon Grape Root (Mahonia aquifolium)

Orris Root (Iris x germanica)

P

Papaya (Carica papaya)

Parsley (Petroselinum crispum)

Passion Flower (Passiflora incarnata)

Patchouli (Pogostemon patchouli)

Pau d’arco (Tabebuia sp.)

Pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium)

Peony (Paeonia lactiflora)

Peppercorn (Piper nigrum)

Peppermint (Mentha piperita)

Periwinkle (Vinca minor)

Pleurisy Root (Asclepias tuberosa)

Poke Root (Phytolacca americana)

Pomegranate (Punica granatum)

Primrose (Oenothera biennis)

Psyllium (Plantago ovata)

Q

Queen of the Meadow – See Gravel Root

R

Raspberry (Rubus idaeus)

Red Clover (Trifolium pretense)

Red Root (Ceanothus americanus)

Rehmannia root (Rehmannia glutinosa)

Rose (Rosa sp.)

Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)

Rue (Ruta graveolens L.)

S

Saffron (Crocus sativus)

Sage (Salvia officinalis)

Salad Burnet – See Burnet

Sarsaparilla (Smilax sarsaparilla)

Sassafras root (Sassafras albidum)

Savory (Satureja montana)

Saw Palmetto (Serenoa serrulate)

Schisandra (Schisandra chinensis)

Senna (Senna alexandrina Mill.)

Sesame (Sesamum indicum)

Sheep Sorrel (Rumex acetosella var. vulgaris)

Shepherd’s Purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris)

Skullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora)

Soapwort (Saponaria officinalis)

Spearmint (Mentha spicata)

Spikenard (Aralia racemosa)

Spirulina (Arthrospira platensis)

St. John’s Wort (Hypericum perforatum)

Star anise (Illicium verum)

Stevia (Stevia rebaudiana)

Stinging Nettle   – See Nettle

Stone root (Collinsonia canadensis)

Strawberry Leaf (Fragaria vesca)

Suma Root (Pfaffia paniculate)

Sunflower (Helianthus annuus)

Sweetgrass (Hierochlöe odorata)

T

Tansy (Tanacetum vulgare)

Tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus)

Thistle, blessed – See Blessed Thistle

Thyme (Thymus vulgaris)

Tribulus Terrestris  (Tribulus terrestris)

Tulsi – See Holy Basil

Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.)

U

Unicorn Root (Aletris farinose)

Uva Ursi (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)

V

Valerian (Valeriana officinalis)

Vanilla (Vanilla planifolia)

Vervain (Verbena hastata, V. officinalis)

Vitex, Chaste tree (Vitex agnus-castus)

W

Watercress (Nasturtium officinale)

Wheatgrass (Triticum aestivum)

White Willow Bark (Salix alba)

White Oak Bark (Quercus alba)

Wild Carrot (Daucus carota)

Wild Cherry Bark (Prunus serotine)

Wild Ginger (Asarum canadense)

Witch Hazel (Hamamelis virginiana)

Wood Betony (Stachys officinalis)

Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium L.)

Y

Yarrow  (Achillea millefolium)

Yellow Dock (Rumex crispus)

Yerba Mate (Ilex paraguariensis)

Ylang-Ylang (Cananga adorata)

Yohimbe (Pausinystalia johimbe)

Yucca Root (Yucca sp.)

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